NTA NET EXAM
4 min readMay 5, 2023

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Introduction

Pursuing a PhD in India is a significant investment in terms of time, effort, and money. With the increasing number of PhD programs in India, many students are considering this path for their future careers. However, one of the main concerns that arise is the return on investment (ROI). Is the average PhD salary in India worth the investment? In this article, we will explore the average PhD salary in India, the factors affecting it, and whether pursuing a PhD in India is a wise decision in terms of financial returns.

Factors Affecting PhD Salaries in India

The average PhD salary in India can vary widely depending on several factors, including:

Field of Study

The field of study is one of the most significant factors that affect PhD salaries in India. Some fields like engineering, management, and science offer higher salaries than others like humanities and social sciences. According to payscale.com, the average salary for a PhD holder in engineering is INR 1,160,000 per year, while it is INR 680,000 per year for a PhD holder in humanities.

Institution

The reputation and ranking of the institution where you earned your PhD can also impact your salary. Top-tier institutions like IITs, IIMs, and AIIMS offer higher salaries than other universities or colleges.

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Experience

Experience is another crucial factor that affects the average PhD salary in India. Fresh PhD holders generally earn lower salaries than experienced ones. The more years of experience you have, the higher your salary can be.

Location

The location of your job also plays a role in determining your PhD salary in India. Metros and Tier 1 cities like Delhi, Mumbai, and Bangalore offer higher salaries than Tier 2 or Tier 3 cities.

Average PhD Salary in India

According to payscale.com, the average PhD salary in India is INR 800,000 per year. However, the salary can range from INR 450,000 to INR 2,000,000 per year depending on the factors mentioned above. Let’s take a look at the average PhD salary in some popular fields in India.

Engineering

The average salary for a PhD holder in engineering is INR 1,160,000 per year. The salary can range from INR 600,000 to INR 2,500,000 per year depending on the field of specialization and experience.

Management

The average salary for a PhD holder in management is INR 1,040,000 per year. The salary can range from INR 600,000 to INR 1,800,000 per year depending on the institution and experience.

Science

The average salary for a PhD holder in science is INR 960,000 per year. The salary can range from INR 500,000 to INR 1,800,000 per year depending on the field of specialization and experience.

Humanities

The average salary for a PhD holder in humanities is INR 680,000 per year. The salary can range from INR 450,000 to INR 1,200,000 per year depending on the institution and experience.

Is Pursuing a PhD in India Worth the Investment?

Now that we know the average PhD salary in India, the question arises whether pursuing a PhD in India is worth the investment.

Let’s look at some of the pros and cons of pursuing a PhD in India.

Pros

  • A PhD can lead to better career opportunities and higher salaries.
  • Pursuing a PhD can help develop critical thinking, problem-solving, and research skills.
  • A PhD can lead to a career in academia, research, or industry.

Cons

  • Pursuing a PhD can be a long and arduous process, taking anywhere from 3 to 7 years or more.
  • The cost of pursuing a PhD in India can be high, with tuition fees, living expenses, and research expenses adding up.
  • There is no guarantee of a job or a high salary after completing a PhD.

While pursuing a PhD in India can be a significant investment, it can be a wise decision for those who are passionate about their field of study and have a clear career goal in mind. It is essential to research and choose a field and institution carefully, considering the factors that affect the average PhD salary in India.

FAQs

  1. What is the average PhD salary in India?
  • The average PhD salary in India is INR 800,000 per year.
  1. Which fields offer the highest PhD salaries in India?
  • Fields like engineering, management, and science offer higher salaries than others like humanities and social sciences.
  1. Does the institution where I earned my PhD affect my salary?
  • Yes, the reputation and ranking of the institution where you earned your PhD can impact your salary.
  1. Is pursuing a PhD in India worth the investment?
  • It depends on several factors like the field of study, institution, and career goals. While pursuing a PhD in India can lead to better career opportunities and higher salaries, it can also be a long and costly process.
  1. How long does it take to complete a PhD in India?
  • It can take anywhere from 3 to 7 years or more to complete a PhD in India, depending on the field of study and research.
  1. What are the career opportunities after completing a PhD in India?
  • A PhD can lead to a career in academia, research, or industry.

Conclusion

In conclusion, pursuing a PhD in India can be a significant investment, both in terms of time and money. The average PhD salary in India is INR 800,000 per year, but it can vary widely depending on several factors like the field of study, institution, experience, and location. While pursuing a PhD can lead to better career opportunities and higher salaries, it can also be a long and arduous process, and there is no guarantee of a job or a high salary after completing a PhD.

Therefore, it is essential to research and choose a field and institution carefully, considering the factors that affect the average PhD salary in India.

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